Cancer Treatment Toxicity Assessment
Knowing the principles of chemotherapy, biotherapy and radiobiology is key to
assessing toxicities related to treatment.
Common toxicities or symptoms related to chemotherapy & biotherapy include
nausea, vomiting, mucositis, fatigue, pain and neutropenia caused by bone
Common toxicities related to radiotherapy are localized and depend on the
anatomical area treated, volume of tissue irradiated, total number of
treatments, total dose, type of radiation and individual differences.
Radiotherapy has its greatest effects rapidly dividing cells therefore the
epithelial cells, such as mucus membranes and the skin are most susceptible.
At the Cancer Centre of Southeastern Ontario, patients on treatment are assessed
by specialized oncology nurses using the
National Cancer Insitute (NCI) Toxicity Grading Scale.
To learn about toxicity assessment and toxicity documentation, view the following case studies:
Radiotherapy Toxicity Case Studies (2006)
Chemotherapy & Radiotherapy (Toxicities) (2006)
& Bio Side Effects (Toxicities)(2006)
Toxicity Case Studies (2006)